How Smart Is a Crow: Unveiling Avian Intelligence

Unlocking the Mystery of a Remarkable Crow's Intelligence.

The Intelligence of a Crow Crows possess a remarkable level of intelligence that is evident in their behavior and social interactions. Their cognitive skills are on display when they encounter obstacles; they use a variety of strategies to navigate these challenges. For instance, they are known to select sticks as tools to retrieve insects from … Read more

Elephant Trunks: 10 Incredible Facts and Secrets Uncovered

Elephant bull using trunk to feed

Anatomy of Elephant Trunks The elephant trunk, an incredible fusion of the upper lip and nose, is a testament to the extraordinary adaptations found in these majestic animals. The anatomy of an elephant trunk, which lacks any bones or cartilage, consists of a muscular hydrostat, a powerful arrangement of muscles that makes it extremely flexible … Read more

How Citizen Activists Can Make Shift Happen. A New Way of Mapping Policy Dynamics

Mapping policy change

Policy change typically unfolds according to two key determinants: 1. how contested ideas are framed, and, 2. the discursive competence of respective actors (see below for a brief discussion of this term).  In a stable policy context, there is enough overlap between competing frames for incremental policy change to occur.  Incremental policy change involves “non-innovative … Read more

Shift Happens When People Collaborate: Great Bear Rainforest and South East Queensland Case Studies

Photo of people putting heads together

Big shifts in environmental policy can be confirmed by the money and resources spent on instituting the policy decisions through statutes, regulations, agreements, and policy statements. Policy changes are only meaningful when they carry the legislative force of the state. Anything less is mere talk and wishful thinking. In this article I will consider two … Read more

On the Path of Wisdom and Sustainability: Looking Back from the Future

Drop of water looking like Earth's atmosphere

Imagine if humanity chose to take a more sustainable path. How would we describe the previous decades looking back from the Year 2050? Philosophers, mystics and spiritual leaders throughout the ages have made a distinction between the inner world and the outer (while acknowledging that any such distinction is merely an illusion!).  The 20th century … Read more